« Leviticus, Chapter »

Chapter Commentary

1 And Jehovah spake unto Moses, saying,2 If any one sin, and commit a trespass against Jehovah, and deal falsely with his neighbor in a matter of deposit, or of bargain, or of robbery, or have oppressed his neighbor,3 or have found that which was lost, and deal falsely therein, and swear to a lie; in any of all these things that a man doeth, sinning therein;4 then it shall be, if he hath sinned, and is guilty, that he shall restore that which he took by robbery, or the thing which he hath gotten by oppression, or the deposit which was committed to him, or the lost thing which he found,5 or any thing about which he hath sworn falsely; he shall even restore it in full, and shall add the fifth part more thereto: unto him to whom it appertaineth shall he give it, in the day of his being found guilty.6 And he shall bring his trespass-offering unto Jehovah, a ram without blemish out of the flock, according to thy estimation, for a trespass-offering, unto the priest:7 and the priest shall make atonement for him before Jehovah; and he shall be forgiven concerning whatsoever he doeth so as to be guilty thereby.8 And Jehovah spake unto Moses, saying,9 Command Aaron and his sons, saying, This is the law of the burnt-offering: the burnt-offering shall be on the hearth upon the altar all night unto the morning; and the fire of the altar shall be kept burning thereon.10 And the priest shall put on his linen garment, and his linen breeches shall he put upon his flesh; and he shall take up the ashes whereto the fire hath consumed the burnt-offering on the altar, and he shall put them beside the altar.11 And he shall put off his garments, and put on other garments, and carry forth the ashes without the camp unto a clean place.12 And the fire upon the altar shall be kept burning thereon, it shall not go out; and the priest shall burn wood on it every morning: and he shall lay the burnt-offering in order upon it, and shall burn thereon the fat of the peace-offerings.13 Fire shall be kept burning upon the altar continually; it shall not go out.14 And this is the law of the meal-offering: the sons of Aaron shall offer it before Jehovah, before the altar.15 And he shall take up therefrom his handful, of the fine flour of the meal-offering, and of the oil thereof, and all the frankincense which is upon the meal-offering, and shall burn it upon the altar for a sweet savor, as the memorial thereof, unto Jehovah.16 And that which is left thereof shall Aaron and his sons eat: it shall be eaten without leaven in a holy place; in the court of the tent of meeting they shall eat it.17 It shall not be baken with leaven. I have given it as their portion of my offerings made by fire; it is most holy, as the sin-offering, and as the trespass-offering.18 Every male among the children of Aaron shall eat of it, as his portion for ever throughout your generations, from the offerings of Jehovah made by fire: whosoever toucheth them shall be holy.19 And Jehovah spake unto Moses, saying,20 This is the oblation of Aaron and of his sons, which they shall offer unto Jehovah in the day when he is anointed: the tenth part of an ephah of fine flour for a meal-offering perpetually, half of it in the morning, and half thereof in the evening.21 On a baking-pan it shall be made with oil; when it is soaked, thou shalt bring it in: in baken pieces shalt thou offer the meal-offering for a sweet savor unto Jehovah.22 And the anointed priest that shall be in his stead from among his sons shall offer it: by a statute for ever it shall be wholly burnt unto Jehovah.23 And every meal-offering of the priest shall be wholly burnt: it shall not be eaten.24 And Jehovah spake unto Moses, saying,25 Speak unto Aaron and to his sons, saying, This is the law of the sin-offering: in the place where the burnt-offering is killed shall the sin-offering be killed before Jehovah: it is most holy.26 The priest that offereth it for sin shall eat it: in a holy place shall it be eaten, in the court of the tent of meeting.27 Whatsoever shall touch the flesh thereof shall be holy; and when there is sprinkled of the blood thereof upon any garment, thou shalt wash that whereon it was sprinkled in a holy place.28 But the earthen vessel wherein it is boiled shall be broken; and if it be boiled in a brazen vessel, it shall be scoured, and rinsed in water.29 Every male among the priests shall eat thereof: it is most holy.30 And no sin-offering, whereof any of the blood is brought into the tent of meeting to make atonement in the holy place, shall be eaten: it shall be burnt with fire.
Chapter Introduction
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Brief Quotations
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History of Interpretation
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Verse by Verse Exegesis































Comparison / Typology
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Introduction to Leviticus

Book Introduction Coming Soon.

Commentary List

  • Ainsworth, Henry. Annotations Upon the Five Bookes of Moses, the Booke of the Psalms, and the Songs, or Canticles. London: Printed by M. Flesher and J. Haviland, 1627. [Public Domain]
  • Bellinger, W. H. Leviticus and Numbers. New International Biblical Commentary. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 2001
  • Bonar, Andrew. A Commentary on the Book of Leviticus. New York: Robert Carter, 1851. [Google Books]
  • Calvin, John. Commentaries on the Four Last Books of Moses; Arranged in the Form of a Harmony. 4 vols. Edinburgh: Calvin Translation Society, 1852-1855. [Public Domain] [Vol. 2—Leviticus]
  • Clarke, Adam. The Holy Bible, Containing the Old and New Testaments . . . With a Commentary and Critical Notes. 7 vols. New York: Ezra Sargent, 1811. [Google Books]
  • Gaebelein, Frank E.; ed. Expositor's Bible Commentary. 12 vols. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1976-1992. [Vol. 2: Genesis to Numbers]
  • Gane, Roy. Leviticus, Numbers. NIV Application Commentary. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2004.
  • Harrison, R. K. Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries, Volume 3; Leviticus. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2008 [1980].
  • Jamieson, Robert; A. R. Faucet; and David Brown. A Commentary, Critical and Explanatory, on the Old and New Testaments. 2 vols. [Vol. 1: Old Testament]. New York Jamieson: S. S. Scranton, 1875. [Google Books]
  • Jenks, William; ed. The Comprehensive Commentary on the Holy Bible . . . Containing Scott's Marginal References; Matthew Henry's Commentary. 5 vols. Brattleboro, VT: Fessenden, 1835, 1836, 1839; Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1849. [Vol. 1: Genesis to Judges] [Google Books]
  • Keil, C. F.; and F. Delitzsch. Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. Vol. 2; The Pentateuch. [The Last Part of Exodus and Leviticus] Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1866. [Google Books]
  • Kidder, Richard. A Commentary on the Five Books of Moses. Vol. 2 [Leviticus through Deuteronomy]. London: Printed by J. Heptinstall, for William Rogers, 1694. [Public Domain]
  • Levine, Baruch A. The JPS Torah Commentary Series; Leviticus. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1989.
  • Lienhard, Joseph T., ed.; with Ronnie J. Rombs. Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture; Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2001.
  • Mackintosh, Charles Henry. Notes on the Book of Leviticus. New York: Loizeaux, 1880. [Google Books]
  • Maclaren, Alexander. Expositions of Holy Scripture; Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, and Numbers. [CCEL]
  • McGee, J. Vernon. Thru the Bible. 5 vols. Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson, 1981. [Vol. 1: Genesis to Deuteronomy]
  • Origen. Homilies on Leviticus. Translated by Gary Wayne Barkley. Fathers of the Church, 83. Washington, DC: The Catholic University of America Press, 1990.
  • Ibn, Ezra, Abraham ben Meir. The Commentary of Abraham Ibn Ezra on the Pentateuch, 5 vols. Vol. 3: Leviticus. Hoboken, NJ: Ktav Publishing House, 1900-. [Public Domain]
  • Kalisch, M. M. A Historical and Critical Commentary on the Old Testament; Leviticus. Part II [Chapters 11-27]. London: Longmans, 1872. [Google Books]
  • Keil, C. F. Biblical Commentary on Exodus and Leviticus. [Google Books]
  • Meyrick, Frederick. The Pulpit Commentary; Leviticus. Series edited by H. D. M. Spence-Jones. London: Kegan Paul, 1882. [Google]
  • Neusner, Jacob. Sifra: The Rabbinic Commentary on Leviticus; An American Translation. Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press, 1985.
  • Parker, Samuel. Bibliotheca Biblia. [Vol. 3: Leviticus] Oxford: Printed at the Theater, 1725.
  • Patrick, Simon. A Commentary Upon the Third Book of Moses, Called Leviticus. London: Printed for RI. Chiswell, 1698. [Public Domain]
  • Poole, Matthew. Annotations Upon the Holy Bible. 3 vols. New York: Robert Carter, 1853. [Vol. 1: Genesis to Job] [Google Books]
  • Radner, Ephraim. Leviticus. Brazos Theological Commentary on the Bible. Grand Rapids, MI: Brazos Press, 2008.
  • Ramban [Nachmanides]; and Charles B. Chavel. Commentary on the Torah, 5 vols. [Vol. 3: Leviticus] New York: Shilo, 1971-1976.
  • Rashi. Pentateuch With Rashi's Commentary. Translated by M. Rosenbaum and A. M. Silberman. New York: Hebrew Publishing Co.; London: Shapiro, Valentine, 1929.
  • Rashi; and Chaim Pearl. Rashi; Commentaries on the Pentateuch. New York: Norton, 1970.
  • Tidball, Derek. The Message of Leviticus: Free to Be Holy. The Bible Speaks Today. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2005.
  • Trapp, John. A Clavis to the Bible, Or, A New Comment Upon the Pentateuch. London: Printed for Timothy Garthwait, 1649. [Public Domain]
  • Wenham, Gordon. The Book of Leviticus. The New International Commentary on the Old Testament. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1979.
  • Willet, Andrew. Hexapla in Leviticum, that is, A Six-Fold Commentary Upon the Third Book of Moses. London: Printed by Aug. Matthewes, 1631. [Public Domain]

Chapter Credits

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